Nuxt 3.3.1 build error on Cloudflare Pages


After updating a working Nuxt 3.2.3 (Nitro 2.2.3) to Nuxt 3.3.1 (Nitro 2.3.1), Cloudflare Pages build fails with the following message:
10:18:30.834 Validating asset output directory
10:18:30.834 Error: Output directory .output/public not found.
10:18:31.784 Failed: build output directory not found

Build command: npm run build
Build output directory: /.output/public
Variable: NODE_VERSION: 17
Nuxt without any additional settings and modules