iOS phones not loading page properly

Hello! Having an issue loading my page on ios devices.

The page is strigaproduction.com

Could you guys possibly help me resolve it?

It works on my test iPhone. What are you seeing?

Sorry, switched it to developer mode for the time being, now that cloudflare’s operational, iOS page doesn’t load again. Both android and pc options work just fine

iOS:

Android:

Resolved by reuploading the images, ios wanted to load non-existent ones while connected to cloudflare somehow